Medina Azahara مدينة الزهراء‎ : literal meaning “the shining city”) is the ruins of a extensive, fortified Arab Muslim medieval palace-city developed by Abd-ar-Rahman III (912–961), the initial Umayyad Caliph of Córdoba, and situated on the western outskirts of Córdoba, Spain. It was an Arab Muslim medieval city and the de facto money of al-Andalus, or Muslim Spain, as the coronary heart of the administration and governing administration was inside of its partitions.

Created starting in 936-940, the city involved ceremonial reception halls, mosques, administrative and governing administration workplaces, gardens, a mint, workshops, barracks, residences and baths. Water was equipped by aqueducts.

The key motive for its building was politico-ideological: the dignity of the Caliph needed the institution of a new city, a image of his electricity, imitating other Jap Caliphates. Above all, it shown his superiority above his wonderful rivals, the Fatimids of Ifriqiya in Northern Africa, as nicely as the Abbasids in Baghdad. Legend also claims it was developed as a tribute for the Caliph’s most loved wife: Azahara.

The advanced was prolonged for the duration of the reign of Abd ar-Rahman III’s son Al-Hakam II (r. 961-976), but following his loss of life soon ceased to be the key residence of the Caliphs. In 1010 it was sacked in a civil war, and thereafter abandoned, with a lot of components re-utilized somewhere else. Its ruins were excavated setting up from the 1910s. Only about ten % of the 112 hectares (.43 sq mi) have been excavated and restored, but this spot consists of the central spot, with “two caliphal residences, with connected bath complexes, two aristocratic residences, and service quarters … areas connected with the palace guard some big administrative structures … the incredible court advanced presided above by the reception corridor … the wonderful yard areas, and just outside this spot, the congregational mosque”.

A new museum on the edge of the internet site has been developed minimal, with substantially of the place underground, to limit disruption to the sights of the landscape from the ruins, which are also starting to be influenced by modern housing.